What are the types of macaques? Macaques (Macaca spp.) are Previous World monkeys, having 22 species, with the best geographical distribution of all non-human primates, throughout Asia, Southern Europe, and North Africa. This article will give an overview of the types of macaques.
Types of macaques
There are 22 species, or types of macaques; the 2 most utilized types of macaques in analysis and testing are the cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis) and the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta).
Understanding the life historical past and behavior of types of macaques is crucial for offering the very best care in captivity and for attaining the very best quality science from these animals.
Appreciation of life historical past variables (similar to the ecological area of interest, social organization, developmental levels) and pure behavioral repertoires will help to enhance, for instance, housing and enrichment design, ease of administration of social teams, and the flexibility to coach people for voluntary cooperation with scientific procedures, all of which are able to profit animal welfare.
Macaques that may specify a variety of species-, age- and sex-specific behaviors are extra possible to have the ability to deal with the challenges posed by husbandry and scientific protocols to distribute types of macaques.
Macaques basically, any of practically 200 species of tailed primate, aside from lemurs, tarsiers, and lorises.
The presence of a tail (even when solely a tiny nub), together with their narrow-chested our bodies and different options of the skeleton, distinguishes monkeys from apes.
Most monkeys have a brief, comparatively flat face without nice prominence of the muzzle, though baboons and mandrills are notable exceptions.
The overwhelming majority of species reside in tropical forests, the place they transfer on all 4 limbs.
All however the durukuli of tropical Central and South America are energetic throughout the day, transferring continuously in bands as they seek vegetation, birds’ eggs, smaller animals, and bugs to eat.
Macaques are able to sit upright, and, consequently, their arms are freed for a lot of manipulative duties.
Aside from a couple of Previous World kinds, Macaques are predominantly arboreal, leaping from limb to limb of their travels among the many bushes.
Their arms and ft are each used for greedy and usually have 5 digits, the thumb, and large toe being divergent from the others.
Generally, the digits have flattened nails, however, the marmosets have claws on all digits besides the large toe, which bears a nail.
On the bottom, monkeys stroll with the complete sole of the foot touching the bottom however with the palm of the hand raised.
They nearly by no means stroll on two legs (bipedally) and may stand erect for under brief durations, if in any respect.
Types of macaques
Here is a table of types of macaques:
|Groups||Image||Common name||Scientific name||Distribution||Conservation status|
|M. sylvanus group||Barbary macaque||M. sylvanus||Algeria and Morocco||Endangered|
|M. nemestrina group||Lion-tailed macaque||M. silenus||Western Ghats of South India.||Endangered|
|Southern pig-tailed macaque or beruk||M. nemestrina||southern Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia.||Vulnerable|
|Northern pig-tailed macaque||M. leonina||Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam.||Vulnerable|
|Pagai Island macaque||M. pagensis||Sumatra.||Critically endangered|
|Siberut macaque||M. siberu||Siberut Island in Indonesia||Vulnerable|
|Moor macaque||M. maura||Sulawesi in Indonesia.||Endangered|
|Booted macaque||M. ochreata||Sulawesi Island, Indonesia.||Vulnerable|
|Tonkean macaque||M. tonkeana||central Sulawesi and the nearby Togian Islands in Indonesia||Vulnerable|
|Heck’s macaque||M. hecki||Sulawesi, Indonesia.||Vulnerable|
|Gorontalo macaque||M. nigrescens||Sulawesi in Indonesia||Vunerable|
|Celebes crested macaque||M. nigra||Sulawesi (Celebes) and Bacan islands in Indonesia||Critically Endangered|
|M. fascicularis group||Crab-eating macaque||M. fascicularis (also known as cynomolgus or long-tailed macaque)||Southeast Asia||Least Concern|
|Stump-tailed macaque||M. arctoides||South China, India, Malaysia, Burma, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam||Vulnerable|
|M. mulatta group||Rhesus macaque||M. mulatta||South, Central, and Southeast Asia||Least Concern|
|Formosan rock macaque||M. cyclopis||Taiwan||Least Concern|
|Japanese macaque||M. fuscata||Japan||Least Concern|
|M. sinica group||Toque macaque||M. sinica||Sri Lanka||Endangered|
|Bonnet macaque||M. radiata||India||Least Concern|
|Assam macaque||M. assamensis||Bhutan, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura in northeastern India, into northern Myanmar, China||Near Threatened|
|Tibetan macaque||M. thibetana||eastern Tibet east to Guangdong and north to Shaanxi in China||Near Threatened|
|Arunachal macaque||M. munzala||Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India||Endangered|
|White-cheeked macaque||M. leucogenys||southeastern Tibet and Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India||Undetermined|
Source of this types of macaques is Wikipedia
Other Recommended Reading
- Baby Macaque Description and Facts
- Lion Tailed Monkey Description and Facts
- Black Macaque (Macaca nigra) Description
- Japanese Macaque Baby Profile and Description
- Macaca fuscata – How Much Endangered Is It?
- Macaque Monkey Facts and Description
- Celebes Crested Macaque (Macaca nigra) Description
- Tibetan Macaque (Macaca thibetana) Facts
- Assam Macaque (Macaca assamensis) Facts
- Toque Macaque (Macaca sinica) Description
- Bonnet Macaque (Macaca radiata) Description
- Southern Pig Tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina) Facts
- Lion Tailed Macaque (Macaca silenus) Profile
- Crab Eating Macaque (Macaca fascicularis) Description
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