Southern pig tailed macaque, scientific name Macaca nemestrina is also named Sundaland pigtail macaque or sunda pig-tailed macaque. The Southern pig tailed macaque is a medium-sized macaque that lives in southern Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. It is known locally as Beruk.
Southern pig tailed macaque Description
Southern pig tailed macaque, Macaca nemestrina can reach a weight of 5-15 kg in older men. These monkeys are buff-brown with buffalo backs and light lower parts. Their common name is a half-erect and short tail that is reminiscent of a pig’s tail.
Behavior and Ecology
They are basically terrestrial, but they are also skilled mountaineers. Like almost all primates, they like water.
When they are looking for food, they are divided into small groups during the day. They are ubiquitous, mainly feeding fruits, seeds, berries, cereals, fungi, and invertebrates.
A study in Peninsular Malaysia found that they spread the seeds of Demonorps calicarpa and Calamus (Palm) castaneus primarily and possibly only the cane species.
There are strengths-based on offspring in men and offspring in women Southern pig tailed macaque, Macaca nemestrina. Therefore, the dominant female daughter will be immediately ranked above all other women in this group.
The dominant female leads the team, but the role of the male is more in the way of managing conflict within the group.
Sexual maturity of the Southern pig tailed macaque reaches the age of 3-5 years. Female pregnancy lasts about 6 months. He will give birth to one child every two years. Breastfeeding is 4-5 months.
In Thailand, Macaca nemestrina or Southern pig tailed macaques are trained for 400 years to cut coconut.
Habitat and distribution
This macaque,Macaca nemestrina is often found in the rain forest up to 2000 meters but it will also enter the plantations and gardens.
It is found in the southern part of the Malay Peninsula (extending only to southern Thailand), Borneo, Sumatra, and Banksa Island. The Southern pig-tailed macaque species, Macaca nemestrina have been reported to exist in Singapore before 1950, but these were probably domesticated. Singapore is the only pig-legged macaques to introduce monkeys today.
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