Lemur species are interesting animals with their particular sort of behavioral existence. There are several types of lemurs and day by day lemur species are going towards extinction. However, a series of restoration process has also been taken to protect the types of lemurs from the dangers.
how many species of lemurs are there?
All lemurs belong to the suborder strasparini within order primates. The 101 existing species and subspecies are divided into 5 families and 15 genera. They range in weight from 30 grams (1.1 oz) (Madam Barth’s mouse lemur) to 9.5 kg (21 lbs).
What is a rare lemur?
The rare lemur is now the northernmost pulsating lemur (Lepilimur sapentrionalis), which has an estimated population of only 50. The famous ring-tailed lemur (lemur dog), the most common primate of prisoners worldwide, is now expected to be listed as “endangered.”
How many lemurs are there in Madagascar?
Currently, in Madagascar, lemurs have about “1” taxa (species, subspecies, and five families and 5 species populations across the genus), ranging from 25 grams of pygmy mouse lemurs to ri grey.
The world’s smallest primate Madame Barth’s mouse lemur, which weighs up to 30 grams (1.1 oz) and the size of the penis, which can weigh up to 9.5 kg (21 lbs). However, recently extinct species have become much larger.
Until the 27th, five families, 15 genera and 101 species and subspecies of Lemur were officially recognized. Of the 101 species and subspecies, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) classified eight critically endangered, 18 as endangered, 15 as endangered, four as threatened, four as a minimum concern, and 41 as data deficit; Seven have not yet been evaluated.
From 2000 to 2008, 39 new species were described and another nine taxa were regenerated. By 20, the number of recognized species and subspecies has increased; Of these, IUCN classified 24 as critically endangered, 49 as endangered, 20 as risky, three near-threatening, three as least worrying, and four as data deficient; Two have not yet been evaluated.
As field studies, cytogenetic and molecular genetic studies continue, the number of lemur species is likely to continue to grow in the coming years. There is no complete agreement on the latest revision of the Lemur technology, with some experts suggesting the choice of about 5 lemur species.
The controversies are likely to continue, as some scholars have termed the explosive growth of species as taxonomic inflation. In many cases, the classification will ultimately depend on which species is used.
More than a quarter of all lemur species are either endangered or critically endangered because of great impact by deforestation and habitat fragmentation, that resulst a populations declining.
For this reason, workers and conservationists favor dividing them into individual species to develop effective strategies for conserving the full range of lemur varieties. This obviously means that the status of the entire species will contribute to the protection of genetically distinct populations.
At least 17 species and eight genera are believed to have been extinct since humans first arrived in Madagascar. All known extinct species weighed between 10 and 200 kg (22 to 441 lbs). The largest known subfossil lemur was Archiondris fontinonti, a giant slow lemur, weighing more than modern female gorillas.
The extinction of the largest lemur is often attributed to predation and possibly habitat destruction by humans. Since all extinct lemurs were not only large (and thus the ideal prey species), but were slow (and thus more vulnerable to the human future), they were likely to survive in the presence of humans, at least in the slow-breeding and low-density populations.
Gradual changes in climate have also been blamed, and this may play a small role; However, since the largest lemurs also survived climate change from the previous ice age and disappeared only after human arrival, climate change is unlikely to be responsible for much.
All lemurs belong to the suborder strasparini within order primates. The 101 existing species and subspecies are divided into 5 families and 15 genera. They range in weight from 30 grams (1.1 oz) (Madam Barth’s mouse lemur) to 9.5 kg (21 lbs) (Ind.). Most upper arboreal and types of activity range from nocturnal to diurnal to cathemeral. Dieting also varies widely over millions of years to meet each ecological niche, though fruits, leaves, and insects consume the majority of the diet of most species.
Types of lemurs
The source says, as of 2014 there are 5 species and 3 subspecies of bamboo lemurs recognized.
Family: †Archaeolemuridae : monkey lemurs
Genus: †Archaeolemur (2 extinct species)
Genus: †Hadropithecus (1 extinct species)
Genus: Allocebus: hairy-eared dwarf lemur (1 extant species)
Genus: Cheirogaleus: dwarf lemurs (9 extant species)
Genus: Microcebus: mouse lemurs (24 extant species)
Genus: Mirza: giant mouse lemurs (2 extant species)
Genus: Phaner: fork-marked lemurs (4 extant species)
Family: Daubentoniidae: aye-aye
Genus: Daubentonia (1 extant species, 1 extinct species)
Genus: Avahi: woolly lemurs (9 extant species)
Genus: Indri: indri (1 extant species)
Genus: Propithecus: sifakas (9 extant species)
Genus: Eulemur: true lemurs (12 extant species)
Genus: Hapalemur: bamboo lemurs (5 extant species, 3 extant subspecies)
Genus: Lemur: ring-tailed lemur (1 extant species)
Genus: †Pachylemur (2 extinct species)
Genus: Prolemur: greater bamboo lemur (1 extant species)
Genus: Varecia: ruffed lemurs (2 extant species, 3 extant subspecies)
Family: Lepilemuridae: sportive lemurs
Genus: Lepilemur (26 extant species)
Family: †Megaladapidae: koala lemurs
Genus: †Megaladapis (3 extinct species)
Family: †Palaeopropithecidae: sloth lemurs
Genus: †Archaeoindris (1 extinct species)
Genus: †Babakotia (1 extinct species)
Genus: †Mesopropithecus (3 extinct species)
Genus: †Palaeopropithecus (3 extinct species)
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Suborder Strepsirrhini: lemurs, galagos, and lorisids
Suborder Haplorrhini: tarsiers, monkeys and apes