Red lemur (Eulemur Rufus), also known as rufous brown lemur or northern red-fronted lemur, is a species of lemur from Madagascar. Until 2001, the E. Rufus species was considered as a subspecies of the common brown lemur, E. fulvus.
In December 2018, the species was divided into two separate species, the red lemur, e. Rufus was distributed in the dry lowland forests of northwestern Madagascar, and the red-fronted lemur, e. Delivered to Rufrons, southwest and east Madagascar.
The species were divided based on genetic and morphological evidence. Mitochondrial DNA analysis indicates that E. rufrons may be more involved with common brown lemur (E. fulvus), white-headed lemur (E. albifrons), and a brown lemur (E. Sanford) in Sanford. (source).
The red lemon has a gray colored coat. Their faces, riddles, and forehead are colored pseudo-colored with white eyebrow patches and the htere is a black line that extends from the ridge to the forehead. Men have white or cream-colored cheeks and beards, and women have rufous or cream cheeks and beards that are less bushy than men.
The Red Lemur Range covers the dry thin jungle covers of southwestern Madagascar between the Betsiboka River to the north and the CCBihina River to the south.
The CCBihanna River forms the boundary between E. rufus living on the north side of the river and E. rufrons living south of the river. It’s head and body lengths are 35 to 48 cm (14 to 19 inches) and 45 to 55 cm. (18 to 22 inches)
Tails weigh between 2.2 and 2.5 kilograms (4.9 and 5.1 pounds). It has a gray coat and black face, riddle and forehead, also a black line from the riddle to the forehead, white eyebrow patches. Men have white or cream-colored cheeks and beards, while men have rough or cream cheeks and beards that are less bushy than men.
IUCN listed the red lemur as the listed as endangered. The most important threats to the species include hunting, as well as covering and burning agriculture, clearing land for grazing, collecting fuelwood, and logging habitat destruction The level of hunting is seen as destabilizing.
Red and lemurs are found in western and northwestern Madagascar. These occur in the south from the Betsiboka River to the Sisbihina River. Red lemons live in dry thin forests.
Habits and lifestyle
Red lemurs are cathemeral animals which means they are active day and night. These animals are social and live in groups, with 5-18 people in them. Usually one of these groups consists of a central male with a surrounding group. Young men often leave for the new group. Unlike many other lemurs, the Red Lemur groups are not dominated by wives.
However, feeding females have a preference and lead their group to food sources. Red lemurs are less active during the winter and huddle together for warmth.
These animals produce grants and contact calls for communication with one another. For example, an “o” word is used to hold a group together, a high level regional “cree”, and a “cruise” alarm call.
Red-fronted lemurs have a variety of alarm calls that include a common alarm call for muscle and raptors, and a specific alarm call used only for the receptors. Red lemurs use scented marks, rub their head against an object or any other creature, and soften and lick things.
Diet and nutrition
Red lemons are vegetarians. Fruits make up more than half of their diet. They also eat flowers, leaves, insects, and arthropods.
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Habits of practice
Red lemurs have a polygonal matching system. This means that both males and females have multiple partners during one breeding season. These animals breed in May-June and are usually born in mid-October.
Females give birth to a single child approximately 120 days after the gestation period. The mother nurses her baby about 6 months after birth. During this time, the mother and her child are separated from other members of the group.
At first, the mother carried her baby to her stomach, and about 1 month later, the infant was able to climb behind her mother. Adult men do not carry or bring food to their children.
children are able to move freely, they can allow them to eat them. Men may show some interest to children, but usually, they don’t care. Females of this species reach reproductive maturity by the age of 2-4 years. Males become reproductive at the age of 3-5.5 years.
Red lemurs are a major threat, as well as the destruction of habitat due to waterlogging and burnt agriculture, clearing of land for grazing, collecting fuelwood, and logging.
The IUCN Red List and other sources do not provide the total population size of Red Lemon. Currently, this species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List and is currently declining.
Red lemons consume most of the fruit and thus act as important seed distributors in the living ecosystem.